Prairie Grove Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Prairie Grove of the American Civil War on December 7, 1862, in Washington County, Arkansas. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used

Military rank

Other

Army of the Frontier

MG James G. Blunt[1] 9,216 men on the battlefield

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

1st Division
     BG James G. Blunt 3,144

1st Brigade

   BG Frederick Salomon 752

2nd Brigade

   Col William A. Weer 902

3rd Brigade

   Col William F. Cloud 1490

2nd Division[2]
     Col Daniel Huston, Jr. 2118

1st Brigade

   Col John G. Clark 938

  • 18th Iowa Infantry: Col John Edwards (at Springfield)
  • 26th Indiana Infantry: Col John G. Clark 445 men
  • 7th Missouri Cavalry: Maj Eliphalet Bredett 453 men
  • Battery ‘A’, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery: Lt H. Borris 40 men, one 6 pound smoothbore cannon, one 12 pound field howitzer
2nd Brigade

   Col William Dye 1175

3rd Division
     BG Francis J. Herron 3950

1st Brigade

   Ltc Henry Bertram 1765

  • 20th Wisconsin Infantry: Maj Henry A. Starr 436 men
  • (*)[3] 1st Iowa Cavalry: Maj J. O. Gower 500 men
  • (*) 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry: Maj William H. Miller 88 men
  • (*) 10th Illinois Cavalry: Ltc James Stuart 612 men
    • Attached Artillery Battery 43 men, four 12 pound mountain howitzers
    • Company L. 1st Missouri Light Artillery: Cpt Frank Backof 86 men, four James rifles, two 12 pound field howitzers
2nd Brigade

   Col William W. Orme 1600

  • 19th Iowa Infantry: Ltc Samuel McFarland 500 men
  • 94th Illinois Infantry: Ltc John McNulta 589 men
  • (*) 8th Missouri Cavalry: Col Washington Geiger 400 men
  • Company E, 1st Missouri Light Artillery: Lt Joseph Foust 111 men, four 10 pound Parrott rifles, two 3-inch Ordnance rifles

Unattached 585

  • 14th Missouri State Militia Cavalry: Col John M. Richardson 100 men
  • 1st Arkansas Cavalry: Col Marcus LaRue Harrison 485 men

Notes

  1. ^ Blunt had replaced John Schofield as commander when the latter fell ill a week earlier and returned to St. Louis to recuperate.
  2. ^ The division’s regular commander, BG James Totten, was absent during the battle. The 2nd Division was attached to Herron’s division.
  3. ^ Units marked by (*) joined together to form Colonel Dudley Wickersham’s Cavalry Brigade

References

  • Shea, William. Fields of Blood: The Prairie Grove Campaign. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8078-3315-5.

External links


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