Ohio State University College of Medicine

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The Ohio State University College of Medicine (formerly known as The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health) is the medical school at The Ohio State University and is located in Columbus, Ohio. The college is nationally recognized as a top institution in both education and research, as reflected by rankings in U.S. News & World Report. In 2009, its primary teaching hospital (Ohio State University Hospital) was ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. in 10 different specialties; it was chosen to be among the 21 hospitals named to U.S. News & World Report’s select honor roll of U.S. hospitals.[1]

History

Willoughby Medical College of Columbus

The OSU College of Medicine can trace its roots as far back as March 3, 1834 with the founding of the Willoughby University of Lake Erie in Willoughby, Ohio. Dr. Westel Willoughby (1789–1844), the school’s namesake and first president, oversaw the operation of the school until 1843, when a disagreement among the faculty led to their resignation from the school.

In 1847 the disgruntled faculty members started the Willoughby Medical College of Columbus in Columbus, Ohio. Almost immediately upon opening, the school was contacted by a wealthy local business owner, who offered $30,000 to construct a new hospital and school complex in Columbus. The concept of a hospital affiliated with a medical school was groundbreaking at the time.

The Ohio State University College of Medicine Class of 1923

The construction of the Starling Medical College, as the school became known, was begun in 1848 but was not completed until 1887. Dr. Starling Loving was a trustee, professor, and dean at the Starling Medical College. Dr. Loving facilitated the arrival of the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis to the area to run the hospital, which was named St. Francis Hospital in 1865.

In 1875, during elections for a new chairman of the board, James Fairchild Baldwin and several faculty members left the school and in 1876 founded another medical school, the Columbus Medical College. In 1882, the Columbus Medical College began construction on a new hospital, the Hawkes Hospital of Mt. Carmel, operated by the Sisters of the Holy Cross.

In 1892, members of the Columbus Medical College merged with Starling Medical College, angering Baldwin. In 1892, he and several faculty members resigned and started yet another medical school, the Ohio Medical University. The Ohio Medical University built Protestant Hospital, the forerunner of Riverside Methodist Hospitals, which still exists.

In 1907, the Ohio Medical University merged with Starling Medical College to form the Starling-Ohio Medical College.[citation needed]

The Ohio State College of Medicine was established in 1914 with William Means as the first dean. In the 1940s, the school had a two-year medical education program. In the 1970s, this was extended to three years, and then four years in the 1980s.[2]

Admissions

Admission to The Ohio State University College of Medicine is highly selective. For the class entering in 2017, OSU received 7,199 applications and interviewed 673 applicants for a class of 197 medical students. The matriculating class had an average GPA of 3.74 and an average MCAT score of 34.[3]

Facilities

The Ohio State University Medical Center has grown into a large complex with numerous specialty centers, hospitals, and research buildings. 44,000 patients are admitted into the OSU system every year. Another 635,000 are seen as outpatients (including outpatient surgery and 75,000 emergency patients).

The facilities include:

  • The College of Medicine
  • University Hospital
  • University Hospitals East
  • James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute
  • Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • Brain and Spine Hospital
  • OSU Harding Hospital
  • Dodd Hall Inpatient Rehabilitation Hospital
  • The Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital
  • Prior Hall
  • Numerous ambulatory, primary care and sub-specialty clinics throughout Central Ohio

Leadership

  • K. Craig Kent, MD, Dean, College of Medicine; Vice President of Health Sciences, Wexner Medical Center
  • Daniel M. Clinchot, MD, Vice Dean for Education
  • Robert A. Bornstein, PhD, Administrative Vice Dean; Vice Dean for Academic Affairs, Secretary of the College[4]

Notable research and developments

Pioneer Carl Leier developed dobutamine, the revolutionary drug treatment to help heart failure. Bertha Bouroncle discovered hairy cell leukemia in 1958 and developed a treatment for it, deoxycoformycin, nearly 30 years later along with Michael Grever and Erik Kraut.[2] Kazi Mobin-Uddin who invented the first inferior vena cava filter was a faculty member. discovered a founder mutation in cancer. William Hunt and Robert Hess in the Department of Neurological Surgery developed the Hunt and Hess scale for grading the severity of intracranial hemorrhages.[citation needed]

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome was defined by two OSU faculty, Robert Zollinger and Edwin Ellison, in the 1940s. The first helicopter-based medical rescue was implemented at OSU in the 1960s.[2]

Educational firsts by the Ohio State College of Medicine include an independent study curriculum in 1970, and a human cancer genetics fellowship. Ohio State was the first medical center in the United States to complete a heart bypass using minimally invasive robotics technology and the first to insert a digital pacemaker in a patient. Ohio State is a world leader in imaging research, installing the world’s most powerful magnetic resonance imaging scanner in 1998, the 8 tesla MRI.[5]

In 2000, Ohio State graduates Peter Kourlas and Matthew Strout conducted genetic research that led to the discovery of a gene that plays a role in acute myeloid leukemia. Their work was conducted in the lab of Michael A. Caligiuri, a researcher recognized for his work in leukemia, lymphoma and immunology.[6]

In 2009, scientists at the university were the first to observe the real time behavior of the enzyme , which aid studies understanding the molecular basis for cancer and other diseases.[7] Later that year scientists developed technology that can magnetically manipulate cancerous cells.[8]

In 2013, surgeon Christopher Kaeding performed the first surgery in the United States while streaming video live using Google Glass.[9]

Robotic surgery

The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center has had several firsts and breakthroughs in robotic surgery.

In 1999, Randall Wolf and Robert Michler became the first in the country to perform a robotically assisted heart bypass. While under the direction of Michler in 2009, the center became the first in North America to use the da Vinci HS SI robot during a surgery.[10] In 2009, Ohio State was the first to demonstrate single incision robotic kidney surgery.[11]

In 2010, Enver Ozer performed the first robotic thyroidectomy in central Ohio.[10]

Scientific misconduct

In 2017 and 2018, it was revealed that three faculty members separately involved in cancer research at OSU had falsified research findings. Carlo M. Croce, chair of the department of cancer biology and genetics, had 8 papers retracted and 15 more had corrections issued.[12] , a professor of cancer biology and genetics, has had five papers retracted after an investigation.[13] Ching-Shih Chen, professor in medicinal chemistry and pharmacognosy, is under investigation for at least 21 incidents of scientific misconduct.[14]

National recognition

  • Annually, OSUCOM earns recognition for having some of the best medical facilities in the United States, according to US News and World Report magazine. In 2005, OSUCOM received recognition in 13 different areas and was called “One of America’s Best Hospitals.”[15]
  • U.S. News ranks Ohio State’s Medical School among the top 50 research schools; the OSU College of Medicine and Public Health was ranked 26th in the 2019 edition.[citation needed]

Notable alumni

References

  1. ^ U.S. News & World Report: America’s Best Hospitals 2009-10, accessed September 11, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c “Centennial Book” (PDF). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  3. ^ “Entering Class of 2017” (PDF). The Ohio State University College of Medicine. The Ohio State University College of Medicine. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  4. ^ “Executive Leadership”. The Ohio State University College of Medicine. The Ohio State University College of Medicine.
  5. ^ OSU Medical Firsts, Retrieved 26 july 2009.
  6. ^ Kourlas, PJ; Strout, MP; Becknell, B; et al. (February 2000). “Identification of a gene at 11q23 encoding a guanine nucleotide exchange factor: Evidence for its fusion with MLL in acute myeloid leukemia”. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97: 2145–50. doi:10.1073/pnas.040569197. PMC 15768. PMID 10681437.
  7. ^ “Scientists observe enzyme copying DNA”, UPI, Retrieved 19 nov 2009.
  8. ^ Scientists Move Cells with Joystick, Live Science, Retrieved 18 September 2009.
  9. ^ “Doctors At Ohio State University Were The First To Transmit A Surgery Live Using Google Glass”. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  10. ^ a b “The James Performs First Robotic Thyroidectomy In Central Ohio”, Media Newswire. 7 july 2010. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  11. ^ “Robotic Surgery”. Ohio State Wexner Medical Center.
  12. ^ “Probe into Carlo Croce reached “defensible and reasonable” decisions, says external review”. Retraction Watch. 5 March 2018.
  13. ^ “Cancer biologist retracts five papers”. Retraction Watch. 14 March 2018.
  14. ^ “OSU Professor Falsified Data on Eight Papers, Resigns”. The Scientist.
  15. ^ “2019 Best Medical Schools”. U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 3 April 2018.

External links