Charles A. Halleck

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Charles Abraham Halleck (August 22, 1900 – March 3, 1986) was an American politician. He was the Republican leader of the United States House of Representatives from the second district of Indiana.

Early life and education

Halleck was born near DeMotte, in Jasper County, Indiana, the son of Abraham and Lura (née Luce) Halleck. He served in the infantry of the United States Army in World War I. After military service, Halleck attended Indiana University at Bloomington. In 1924, Halleck was admitted to the bar and began practicing in Rensselaer, Indiana. From 1924 to 1934, he was the prosecuting attorney for the 13th district court.

Career

In 1935, Halleck was elected to fill the House vacancy created by the death of Congressman-elect Frederick Landis, and remained in that position until 1969. A prominent member of the conservative coalition, he served as the House Majority Leader after the elections of 1946 and 1952. He was House Minority Leader from 1959 to 1964.

Halleck noted that a highlight of his career came at the 1940 Republican National Convention, when he nominated another person from Indiana, Wendell Willkie. Noting the mixed reception he got, Halleck said, “I got more brickbats and more bouquets over that speech than any other I’ve ever made.”[1]

In 1944, even before Thomas Dewey was named as the Republican presidential nominee, Halleck, as the new chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee, addressed a party gathering in Chicago. He rejected the Democrat “don’t-change-horses-while-crossing-the-stream” mantra and declared that a Republican president would retain George C. Marshall, Dwight Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, and William F. Halsey in their military positions. He attacked what he called the New Deal “snooping into our ice boxes,” a reference to the Office of Price Administration and rationing. Halleck said that Americans should “live again as God meant us to live and not as some bureaucrat in Washington… would like us to live.”[2]

According to Halleck, he was rumored to be Thomas Dewey’s vice-presidential nominee in Dewey’s second general election campaign in 1948 if Halleck guaranteed the support of the Indiana delegation at the 1948 Republican National Convention. In the end, Dewey selected the governor of California, Earl Warren. The Dewey-Warren ticket surprisingly narrowly lost that November, to the Democratic TrumanBarkley ticket.[3]

In 1959, with the declining popularity of Eisenhower enabling Democrats to maintain their hold on the House, Halleck parlayed his following among Congressional Republicans and the frequent public approval of Eisenhower and Richard Nixon into a successful challenge to the 20-year reign of Joseph W. Martin, Jr., as the leader of House Republicans.[4]

He was a strong opponent of the liberal social proposals of Democrats John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson but supported the Vietnam War and was one of the strongest advocates for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Along with Senator Everett Dirksen, he was the face of the Republican Party in most of the 1960s, and both made frequent appearances on television news and talk programs. The press jocularly nicknamed his joint appearances with Mr. Dirksen the “Ev and Charlie Show.”

After the heavy election setbacks of 1964, Halleck was defeated in his bid to remain Minority Leader by Gerald Ford, who was the nominee of the Young Turks.

Legacy

In 1983, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed a bill renaming the Federal District Court building in Lafayette, Indiana, the Charles A. Halleck Federal Building.[5]

The Charles Halleck Student Center at Saint Joseph’s College in Indiana was named after him.[6] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016.[7]

Personal life

Halleck was married to the former Blanche Annetta White, who died in 1973. They had two children. His son, Charles A. Halleck Jr., first became an attorney in Washington, DC, and later a United States federal judge.

Death

Halleck died in Lafayette, Indiana, on March 3, 1986 and is buried next to his wife in Rensselaer.

In popular culture

References

  1. ^ “Charles Halleck Obituary”. Toledo Blade. Mar 4, 1986. Retrieved Jun 11, 2014.
  2. ^ David M. Jordan, FDR, Dewey, and the Election of 1944 (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2011), p. 78, ISBN 978-0-253-00562-5
  3. ^ Heise, Kenan (March 4, 1986). “Ex-gop House Boss Charles Halleck, 85”. Chicago Tribune.
  4. ^ Franklin, Ben A. (Mar 4, 1986). “CHARLES HALLECK, A G.O.P. HOUSE LEADER, DIES”. New York Times. Retrieved Jun 11, 2014.
  5. ^ “Divisional Offices – Hammond Division at Lafayette”. Archived from the original on 2013-06-01.
  6. ^ Article, Submitted. “SJC to celebrate Halleck Center’s 50th”. newsbug.info. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  7. ^ “National Register of Historic Places Listings”. Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/06/16 through 6/10/16. National Park Service. 2016-06-17.

Further reading

  • Peabody, Robert L. The Ford-Halleck Minority Leadership Contest 1966;
  • Scheele, Henry Z. Charlie Halleck: A Political Biography. Exposition Press, 1966.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George R. Durgan
U.S. Representative of Indiana’s 2nd Congressional District
1935–1969
Succeeded by
Earl F. Landgrebe
Party political offices
Preceded by
John W. McCormack
House Majority Leader
1947–1949
1953–1955
Succeeded by
John W. McCormack
Preceded by
Joseph W. Martin
House Minority Leader
1959–1965
Succeeded by
Gerald Ford


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