He was born in Worcester on January 28, 1857. Washburn graduated from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1875 and from Harvard University in 1880. He studied law, and was admitted to the Suffolk bar in 1887. He connected with various manufacturing enterprises in the city of his birth.
Washburn was elected a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and served in the Massachusetts Senate. He was a member of the committee to revise the State corporation laws in 1902. He was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1904 and 1916,and was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-ninth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Rockwood Hoar. He was reelected to the Sixtieth and Sixty-first Congresses and served from December 18, 1906, to March 3, 1911.
He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Sixty-second Congress. After completing his term, he served as director of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. He became president of the Washburn Co. of Worcester, and served in that capacity until his death in Lenox on May 25, 1928. His interment was in Rural Cemetery in Worcester.
- Who's who in State Politics, 1908, Boston, MA: Practical Politics, 1908, p. 22.
- "Much In The Public Eye". The Boston Daily Globe. April 24, 1910.
- Haynes, George Henry.: The Life of Charles G. Washburn. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1931.
- Who's who in State Politics, 1908 Practical Politics (1908) p. 22.
- United States Congress. "Charles G. Washburn (id: W000171)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Charles G. Washburn at the Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 3rd congressional district
December 18, 1906 – March 3, 1911
John A. Thayer