Bailey attended the public schools of Fitchburg, Massachusetts. When he was 17 Bailey started work as an apprentice for the Bellows Falls Gazette. By 1844 Bailey became editor and publisher of the newspaper.
Bailey served on the Fitchburg, Massachusetts school committee from 1849 to 1854. He was appointed postmaster of Fitchburg on May 3, 1851 and served until May 4, 1853, when his successor was appointed. Bailey served as member of the Massachusetts house of representatives in 1857. He served in the Massachusetts State Senate 1858–60. Bailey was the Republican Party candidate for congress in Massachusetts' ninth congressional district in the 1860 election.
Bailey was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh Congress and served from March 4, 1861, until his death in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, May 8, 1862. He was interred in Laurel Hill Cemetery, with a cenotaph at the Congressional Cemetery.
- Emerson, William Andrew (1887), Fitchburg, Massachusetts, Past and Present, Fitchburg, MA: Press of Blanchard & Brown, p. 284
- Goldsmith Bailey profile, Findagrave.com; accessed June 15, 2015.
- United States Congress. "Goldsmith Bailey (id: B000038)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 9th congressional district