He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard University in 1774. He worked in a business in Leicester, Massachusetts, in 1774, moving to Worcester, Massachusetts in 1776. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1810, serving in that capacity through 1811. He died in Worcester in 1827.
- Who Was Who in America: Historical Volume 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1967.
- United States Congress. "Joseph Allen (id: A000136)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Joseph Allen at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th congressional district
October 8, 1810 – March 3, 1811