Life and career
Born Martha Elizabeth Ludwig in Hutchinson, Kansas, Keys graduated from Paseo High School in Kansas City, Missouri in 1945, attended Olivet College from 1946 to 1947 and earned a B.A. at the University of Missouri in 1951.
She married Sam Keys, a university professor and, later, Dean of the College of Education at Kansas State University. She was a housewife. Later, she was a Democratic campaigner in 1964 and 1968. She ran the McGovern presidential campaign in Kansas in 1972. When Bill Roy retired from the U.S. Congress she was persuaded to run for the seat by her brother-in-law, Senator Gary Hart, a Colorado Democrat.
She was elected a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives from Manhattan, Kansas in 1974 and served two terms before being defeated for reelection in 1978. While serving in the House of Representatives, Keys and her husband divorced, and she was remarried to fellow Congressman Andrew Jacobs, Jr. They separated in 1981 and eventually divorced.
She then served as a special adviser to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare from February 1979 to May 1980 and as an Assistant Secretary of Education from June 1980 to January 1981. In 1982, Keys was elected to the Common Cause National Governing Board. Afterwards, she worked as a consultant and as director of the Center for a New Democracy from 1985 to 1986.
- “Mary Bono and Connie Mack divorce: ‘Life really changed’ after election losses”. Washington Post. May 29, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
- United States Congress. “Martha Keys (id: K000162)”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Women in Congress: Martha Keys
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
William R. Roy
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas’s 2nd congressional district
James E. Jeffries