Charles Patrick Roberts (born April 20, 1936) is an American politician of the Republican Party serving as the senior United States Senator from Kansas, a position he has held since 1997. Roberts previously served as the Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.
Born in Topeka, Kansas, Roberts is a graduate of Kansas State University. He served as a captain in the U.S. Marine Corps and worked as a newspaper reporter before entering politics in the late 1960s. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1980 to succeed 1st District Congressman Keith Sebelius, for whom he had worked. He served eight terms in the House, including one as chairman of the House Agriculture Committee.
Roberts was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1996, and is currently serving his fourth term. On the Intelligence Committee, he was responsible for an investigation into the intelligence failures prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. He is currently the dean of the Kansas congressional delegation and Chairman of the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee. He is the first person to chair both the House and the Senate agriculture committees.
Early life, education, and early political career
Roberts was born in Topeka, Kansas, the son of Ruth B. (née Patrick) and C. Wesley Roberts.[self-published source?] His father served for four months as Chairman of the Republican National Committee under Dwight D. Eisenhower. Roberts’s great-grandfather, J.W. Roberts, was the founder of the Oskaloosa Independent, which is the second-oldest newspaper in Kansas.
Roberts graduated in 1954 from Holton High School in Holton, Kansas. He went on to earn a B.A. in Journalism from Kansas State University in 1958, where he became a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity. From 1958 to 1962, he served as an officer in the U.S. Marine Corps, achieving the rank of Captain. Roberts was a reporter and editor for several Arizona newspapers between 1962 and 1967, when he joined the staff of Republican Kansas Senator Frank Carlson. In 1969, he became administrative assistant to Kansas’s 1st District Congressman Keith Sebelius.
U.S. House of Representatives (1981–1997)
After Keith Sebelius announced his retirement, Roberts easily won the Republican primary, which was tantamount to election in the heavily Republican 1st District. He was re-elected seven times without serious difficulty, never receiving less than 60 percent of the vote; in 1988, he ran unopposed.
Roberts served as the chairman of the House Agriculture Committee from 1995 to 1997.
Sponsored Legislation that became Law
- Public Law 99-624: Dwight David Eisenhower Centennial Commission Act
- Public Law 101-353: To designate the Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, animal health research building in Clay Center, Nebraska, as the “Virginia D. Smith Animal Health Research Laboratory”
- Public Law 104-107: Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996
U.S. Senate (1997–present)
After Republican Senator Nancy Kassebaum declined to seek a fourth term, Roberts ran to succeed her. He easily won the Republican primary, defeating three minor candidates with 78% of the vote. In the general election, he faced Democratic State Treasurer Sally Thompson. Term limits were an issue during the campaign; while Roberts said that he was not totally opposed to term limits, he was wary of limits that did not apply to current members of Congress, saying that the proposed limits should apply to everyone. While Thompson signed the national term limits pledge from the group Americans for Limited Terms, Roberts declined to do so, becoming the only major party candidate for the U.S. Senate in the 1996 elections to not sign the pledge. However, he did say that “I plan only to serve two terms in the U.S. Senate.”
In the general election, Roberts defeated Thompson by 652,677 votes (62.02%) to 362,380 (34.44%), almost certainly helped by the presence of former Kansas Senator Bob Dole atop the ticket as the Republican presidential nominee.
Roberts was opposed in the Republican primary by Tom Oyler, who had run against him in 1996. Roberts defeated him 84% to 16%. No Democratic candidate opposed him in the general election; he faced only Libertarian nominee Steven Rosile and Reform nominee George H. Cook, defeating them by 641,075 votes (82.52%) to 70,725 (9.10%) and 65,050 (8.37%), respectively.
Roberts was unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated the Democratic nominee, former Congressman Jim Slattery, in the general election by 727,121 votes (60.06%) to 441,399 (36.46%).
In the 2014 election, Roberts faced a hard-fought primary challenge from physician Milton R. Wolf. Wolf received several endorsements from national organizations associated with the Tea Party movement. Roberts defeated Wolf in the Republican primary by 125,406 votes (48.12%) to 106,202 (40.75%). In the general election, for the second time in his tenure, Roberts did not face a Democratic opponent; Democratic nominee Chad Taylor withdrew from the race. Roberts won the general election, obtaining 53.15% of the vote; Independent Greg Orman received 42.53%, while Libertarian nominee Randall Batson received 4.32%.
Despite being the longest-serving member of the Kansas delegation, Roberts spent the first 14 years of his Senate career as Kansas’ junior senator, since Sam Brownback had taken office on election day 1996 to finish out Dole’s term. However, after Brownback gave up his seat to make a successful run for Governor, Roberts became Kansas’ senior senator.
Roberts was a senior member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, chairing the Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities. This subcommittee oversaw the military‘s work in the area of homeland security and the efforts to prevent proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (Chairman)
- Committee on Finance
- Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
- Select Committee on Ethics
- Committee on Rules & Administration
Agriculture Committee attendance
While participating in negotiations over the Republican-sponsored American Healthcare Act, Roberts was asked by Alice Ollstein if he supported a proposed revision to mandated coverage in the bill. He responded: “I wouldn’t want to lose my mammograms.” This comment was widely condemned. Roberts subsequently apologized.
Sponsored Legislation that became Law
- Public Law 108-144: A bill to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 3710 West 73rd Terrace in Prairie Village, Kansas, as the “Senator James B. Pearson Post Office”
- Public Law 108-207: An original bill to extend the final report date and termination date of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, to provide additional funding for the Commission, and for other purposes
- Public Law 109-17: A bill to amend the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 to reauthorize State mediation programs
- Public Law 109-299: Wichita Project Equus Beds Division Authorization Act of 2005
- Public Law 115-60: Bob Dole Congressional Gold Medal Act
- Public Law 115-162: A bill to designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 621 Kansas Avenue in Atchison, Kansas, as the “Amelia Earhart Post Office Building”
Roberts opposed President Barack Obama’s health reform legislation; he voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009, and he voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. In September 2017, Roberts supported the Graham-Cassidy healthcare bill. When interviewed about why he supported it, Roberts repeatedly refused to say why he thought the bill was good, and avoided speaking about the bill’s policy contents. Instead, he said he supported the bill because it was the last best chance to repeal Obamacare.
Roberts worked to secure $15 million for research on carbon sequestration. On the topic of global warming, Roberts has said, “There’s no question there’s some global warming, but I’m not sure what it means. A lot of this is condescending elitism.”
Roberts voted to confirm Gale Norton as Secretary of the Interior, to exclude oil and gas smokestacks from mercury regulations, and to reclassify the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a Cabinet department.
In 2017, Roberts was one of 22 senators to sign a letter to President Donald Trump urging the President to have the United States withdraw from the Paris Agreement. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Roberts has received over $415,000 from oil, gas and coal interests since 2012.
In January 2014, Roberts introduced the Opportunities Created At the Local Level Act. The bill would allow states to freely choose without federal interference their own education standards, testing and curricula.
Roberts supports the Patriot Act, and the President’s authority for warrantless surveillance. Roberts was the only senator blocking the nomination of Army Secretary Eric Fanning. Roberts’ refusal to lift his hold on the nomination until President Obama promised to never move anyone from the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to Fort Leavenworth drew criticism on the Senate floor from Armed Services Committee Chairman John McCain, who noted that the United States Secretary of the Army has no control over the detainees.
The 2004 Intelligence Authorization Act saw the creation of the Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars Program. The program links undergraduate and graduate students with US security and intelligence agencies” by providing funding to selected US students entering university, in return for a commitment to join the agency for at least 18 months on graduation. PRISP is a decentralized program which funds students through various intelligence agencies.
Investigation into pre-war intelligence on Iraq
As chairman of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Roberts was responsible for the committee’s investigation into the intelligence failures prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. The first half of the Senate Report of Pre-war Intelligence on Iraq was released on July 9, 2004. The second half, according to language voted on by the full Committee, consists of five parts including: whether public statements and reports and testimony regarding Iraq by U.S. Government officials made between the Gulf War period and the commencement of Operation Iraqi Freedom were substantiated by intelligence information; the postwar findings about Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction and weapons programs and links to terrorism and how they compare with prewar assessments; prewar intelligence assessments about postwar Iraq; any intelligence activities relating to Iraq conducted by the Policy Counterterrorism Evaluation Group (PCTEG) and the Office of Special Plans within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy; and the use by the Intelligence Community of information provided by the Iraqi National Congress (INC).
Biotech labeling to block Vermont’s genetic engineering labeling law
Sen. Pat Roberts introduced a biotech labeling bill on February 19. The bill aims to establish a standardized voluntary labeling plan that would block Vermont from enacting its mandatory genetic engineering labeling law on July 1.
In June 2018, Roberts was one of thirteen Republican senators to sign a letter to Attorney General Jeff Sessions requesting a moratorium on the Trump administration family separation policy while Congress drafted legislation.
Roberts has an “A” rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA) for his consistent, ongoing support of pro-gun legislation. The NRA endorsed Roberts in the 2014 election and NRA-Political Victory Fund chairman stated that “Pat is the only ally and battle-tested candidate in this race who has consistently protected our Second Amendment freedoms.” Since 1998, the NRA has provided Roberts $23,800 in donations.
One month after the Orlando nightclub shooting Roberts voted for two Republican-backed proposals on gun policy: Chuck Grassley‘s amendment to increase funding for background checks and John Cornyn‘s policy that would have put a 72-hour hold on any terrorist suspect buying a gun. He voted against both of the Democrat’s policies, including the Feinstein Amendment, which banned suspected terrorists from buying guns. Roberts voted against the Manchin-Toomey amendment to expand background checks for gun purchases.
In February 2018, after the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in which 17 were killed, Roberts came out in favor of age limits on the AR-15, the assault rifle that the assailant used in the high school shooting. Roberts said, “Certainly nobody under 21 should have an AR-15. I don’t know why anybody would want an AR-15 unless they’re going to take one out on the shooting range”.
Roberts married Franki Fann in 1969. The couple has three adult children: David, Ashleigh, and Anne-Wesley.
Roberts lives in Alexandria, Virginia. The New York Times has reported that the house that Roberts claims as his residence in Dodge City, Kansas is actually owned and occupied by campaign contributors C. Duane and Phyllis Ross.
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 53.3%|
|Greg Orman (Ind.) 42.4%|
|Randall Batson (Lib.) 4.3%|
United States Senate Republican Primary election in Kansas, 2014
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 48%|
|Milton Wolf (R) 40.7%|
|D.J. Smith (R) 5.7%|
|Alvin Zahnter (R) 5.3%|
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 60%|
|Jim Slattery (D) 36%|
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 82.5%|
|Steven Rosile (Lib.) 9.1%|
|George Cook (Reform) 8.4%|
United States Senate Republican Primary election in Kansas, 2002
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 83.7%|
|Tom Oyler (R) 16.3%|
|Pat Roberts (R) 62%|
|Sally Thompson (D) 34.4%|
|Mark S. Marney (Reform) 2.3%|
|Steven Rosile (Lib.) 1.2%|
United States Senate Republican Primary election in Kansas, 1996
|Pat Roberts (R) 78.2%|
|Tom Little (R) 8%|
|Thomas Oyler (R) 7.4%|
|Richard Cooley (R) 6.4%|
1994 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 77%|
|Terry L. Nichols (D) 23%|
1992 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 68%|
|Duane West (D) 29%|
|Steven Rosile (L) 2%|
1990 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 62%|
|Duane West (D) 37%|
1988 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 100%|
1986 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 76.5%|
|Dale Lyon (D) 23.5%|
1980 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) 62%|
|Phil Martin (D) 38%|
- “Kansas Sen. Pat Roberts not to seek reelection”. WashingtonPost.com. 4 January 2019.
- “Roberts”. RootsWeb. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- Joint Committee on Printing (2 May 2014). Official Congressional Directory: 113th Congress. Government Printing Office. pp. 105–. ISBN 978-0-16-091922-0.
- “Washington Post US Congress Votes Database”. Washington Post. Washington Post. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- “Roberts sole candidate to resist term limits tide”. Lawrence Journal-World. September 25, 1996. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- “Pat Roberts Said In 1996 He’d Only Serve Two Terms — He’s Running For His Fourth”. BuzzFeed. October 14, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Carpenter, Tim (September 18, 2014). “Court permits Taylor to withdraw from Senate race”. The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- Carpenter, Tim (October 13, 2014). “Roberts misses two-thirds of ag committee meetings since 2000”. The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- “Records: Pat Roberts missed most agricultural committee meetings”. 6 News Lawrence. Associated Press. October 14, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- “Nancy Pelosi: GOP Health Care Plan Would Make ‘Being A Woman A Preexisting Condition‘“. Huffington Post. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- “AHCA Amendment Would Stop Medicaid Coverage For Moms Who Don’t Find Work 60 Days After Giving Birth”. Jezebel. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- “This Dude Senator Made a Sh*tty Joke About Women’s Health Care”. Cosmopolitan. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- “‘I wouldn’t want to lose my mammograms,’ male GOP senator says — then immediately regrets”. Washington Post. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- PAT ROBERTS IS PRO-LIFE. Official Website. Retrieved: 22 October 2014.
- “Pat Roberts on the Issues”. OnTheIssues. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- “Roll Call Vote”. Senate.gov. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- “U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote”. Senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- “GOP senators are rushing to pass Graham-Cassidy. We asked 9 to explain what it does”. Vox. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- CJ Online | Kansas News | Jim Suber: Roberts’s study of carbon sequestration is in search of ‘win-win’ situation 10/29/00
- Carpenter, Tim. “Oil, gas industry: It’s not our fault”. The Topeka Capital. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
- “Pat Roberts on Environment”. On the Issues. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- “Senate rejects drilling for oil in Arctic refuge”. Alaska Dispatch News. March 13, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
- Inhofe, James. “Senator”. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- “The Republicans who urged Trump to pull out of Paris deal are big oil darlings”. The Guardian. June 1, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Martin, Aaron. “Roberts measure aims for state educational autonomy” Archived March 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Ripon Advance. January 31, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- “Sen. Roberts: Bush Has Authority for NSA Program” Fox News. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Schmidt, Michael S. (11 May 2016). “Army Secretary Nomination is Blocked by a G.O.P. Senator”. The New York Times. pp. A14. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- Capehart, Jonathan (11 May 2016). “Eric Fanning and the Army deserve better than this from Congress”. The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- CounterPunch, June 23, 2009, Son of PRISP: Obama’s Classroom Spies Archived November 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- CounterPunch, March 12, 2005, Exposing the Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars Program: The CIA’s Campus Spies Archived October 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- “13 GOP senators ask administration to pause separation of immigrant families”. The Hill. June 19, 2018.
- “NRA Endorses Pat Roberts for U.S. Senate in Kansas”. NRA-PVF. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Kraske, Steve. “Who’s the top recipient of NRA donations anywhere in the country? Take a bow, Sen. Roy Blunt”. The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Tate, Curtis. “On Senate gun vote, Kansas’ Roberts, Moran stick to party line”. McClatchy. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- “How Senators voted: Expanding gun background checks”. USA Today. April 17, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- France-Presse, Agence. “Republicans freeze on gun control demand – The Manila Times Online”. The Manila Times. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- O’Keefe, Ed (2018-02-22). “NRA-backed Sen. Pat Roberts: ‘Nobody under 21 should have an AR-15‘“. Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
- Gay Stolberg, Sheryl; Martin, Jonathan; Kaplan, Thomas (February 25, 2018). “Is This the Moment for Gun Control? A Gridlocked Congress Is Under Pressure”. The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- Tatum, Sophie (February 22, 2018). “Kansas Republican backs raising age to buy semiautomatic rifles”. CNN. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- “The Latest: Ban Proposed on Young Buying Assault Rifles”. U.S. News & World Report. Associated press. February 23, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- “Patrick ‘Pat’ ROBERTS”. The Needham Family. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- Martin, Jonathan (September 4, 2014). “National G.O.P. Moves to Take Over Campaign of Kansas Senator”. The New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- Martin, Jonathan (February 7, 2014). “Lacking a House, a Senator Is Renewing His Ties in Kansas”. The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Collected news and commentary at Huffington Post
- Collected news and commentary at Topix
- Financial information at Maplight
- 2004 Eisenhower Leadership Prize to Pat Roberts
- Oskaloosa Independent
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas’s 1st congressional district
| Ranking Member of the House Agriculture Committee
Kika de la Garza
Kika de la Garza
| Chair of the House Agriculture Committee
|Party political offices|
Nancy Landon Kassebaum
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Kansas
1996, 2002, 2008, 2014
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Kansas
Served alongside: Sam Brownback, Jerry Moran
| Chair of the Senate Ethics Committee
| Ranking Member of the Senate Ethics Committee
| Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
| Ranking Member of the Senate Agriculture Committee
| Ranking Member of the Senate Rules Committee
| Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority