Osage County, Kansas

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Osage County (county code OS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 16,295.[1] Its county seat is Lyndon,[2] and its most populous city is Osage City. The county was originally organized in 1855 as Weller County, and was renamed in 1859 after the Osage River that runs through it, which is itself named for the Osage Native American Tribe.[3]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Osage County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 720 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 706 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.0%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,113
1870 7,648 587.2%
1880 19,642 156.8%
1890 25,062 27.6%
1900 23,659 −5.6%
1910 19,905 −15.9%
1920 18,621 −6.5%
1930 17,538 −5.8%
1940 15,118 −13.8%
1950 12,811 −15.3%
1960 12,886 0.6%
1970 13,352 3.6%
1980 15,319 14.7%
1990 15,248 −0.5%
2000 16,712 9.6%
2010 16,295 −2.5%
Est. 2016 15,843 [5] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

Osage County is included in the Topeka Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 16,712 people, 6,490 households, and 4,737 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 7,018 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.27% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 6,490 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,928, and the median income for a family was $44,581. Males had a median income of $30,670 versus $22,981 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,691. About 6.40% of families and 8.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.5% 4,826 24.9% 1,753 6.6% 467
2012 64.1% 4,427 32.8% 2,268 3.1% 211
2008 63.9% 4,820 33.6% 2,534 2.5% 190
2004 64.3% 4,800 34.0% 2,537 1.7% 126
2000 57.0% 3,770 38.3% 2,530 4.7% 313
1996 48.8% 3,487 35.0% 2,502 16.2% 1,157
1992 34.5% 2,561 31.0% 2,297 34.5% 2,563[a]
1988 54.3% 3,496 44.1% 2,840 1.5% 99
1984 66.6% 4,288 32.2% 2,072 1.3% 83
1980 60.4% 3,817 33.0% 2,088 6.6% 419
1976 50.5% 2,945 47.3% 2,755 2.2% 128
1972 71.1% 4,073 26.6% 1,522 2.3% 133
1968 56.2% 3,157 29.6% 1,664 14.3% 801
1964 49.1% 2,681 50.1% 2,737 0.8% 42
1960 64.0% 3,880 35.5% 2,150 0.5% 31
1956 67.3% 4,136 32.2% 1,979 0.5% 32
1952 68.8% 4,589 30.5% 2,036 0.6% 41
1948 55.6% 3,474 42.5% 2,659 1.9% 121
1944 64.4% 4,107 34.7% 2,212 0.9% 58
1940 60.5% 4,991 38.6% 3,186 0.9% 70
1936 49.9% 4,232 49.8% 4,224 0.4% 30
1932 45.4% 3,707 51.4% 4,199 3.2% 259
1928 73.2% 5,900 25.6% 2,058 1.2% 98
1924 63.2% 4,957 26.1% 2,050 10.7% 836
1920 62.8% 4,507 33.6% 2,414 3.6% 256
1916 44.7% 3,770 50.7% 4,276 4.6% 390
1912 17.6% 850 40.8% 1,969 41.6% 2,005[b]
1908 50.3% 2,671 43.1% 2,288 6.6% 351
1904 65.0% 3,670 26.9% 1,516 8.1% 459
1900 51.2% 3,128 47.5% 2,901 1.4% 85
1896 45.0% 2,903 53.9% 3,481 1.1% 71
1892 43.8% 2,604 56.2% 3,345
1888 57.5% 3,442 23.1% 1,380 19.5% 1,165

Laws

Osage County was a prohibition, or “dry”, county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[12]

Education

Unified school districts

Media

Osage County is served by a weekly newspaper, The Osage County Herald-Chronicle (Web site). The newspaper has a circulation of approximately 4,500, making it the 3rd largest paid weekly publication in the state of Kansas.

The Herald-Chronicle was created by the merger of The Osage County Herald and The Osage County Chronicle in February 2007.

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Osage County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Osage County is divided into sixteen townships. The city of Osage City is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township’s population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Agency 00450 Quenemo 618 7 (19) 86 (33) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°34′21″N 95°32′12″W / 38.57250°N 95.53667°W / 38.57250; -95.53667
Arvonia 02550 136 1 (3) 112 (43) 13 (5) 10.13% 38°28′52″N 95°52′14″W / 38.48111°N 95.87056°W / 38.48111; -95.87056
Barclay 04175 239 2 (5) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.14% 38°33′42″N 95°52′0″W / 38.56167°N 95.86667°W / 38.56167; -95.86667
Burlingame 09375 Burlingame 1,768 9 (25) 186 (72) 1 (0) 0.43% 38°47′5″N 95°52′5″W / 38.78472°N 95.86806°W / 38.78472; -95.86806
Dragoon 18575 214 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°43′14″N 95°49′16″W / 38.72056°N 95.82111°W / 38.72056; -95.82111
Elk 20175 Overbrook 1,723 12 (32) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°47′21″N 95°33′58″W / 38.78917°N 95.56611°W / 38.78917; -95.56611
Fairfax 22150 513 5 (12) 111 (43) 5 (2) 4.14% 38°42′34″N 95°40′3″W / 38.70944°N 95.66750°W / 38.70944; -95.66750
Grant 27850 297 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.25% 38°38′25″N 95°52′24″W / 38.64028°N 95.87333°W / 38.64028; -95.87333
Junction 35725 1,210 9 (24) 129 (50) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°40′27″N 95°34′8″W / 38.67417°N 95.56889°W / 38.67417; -95.56889
Lincoln 40925 134 2 (4) 83 (32) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°29′7″N 95°33′17″W / 38.48528°N 95.55472°W / 38.48528; -95.55472
Melvern 45725 Melvern 812 7 (18) 115 (44) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°30′8″N 95°38′50″W / 38.50222°N 95.64722°W / 38.50222; -95.64722
Olivet 52725 Olivet 263 2 (5) 143 (55) 17 (7) 10.70% 38°29′53″N 95°44′51″W / 38.49806°N 95.74750°W / 38.49806; -95.74750
Ridgeway 59825 Carbondale 2,661 25 (64) 108 (42) 2 (1) 2.00% 38°48′56″N 95°40′56″W / 38.81556°N 95.68222°W / 38.81556; -95.68222
Scranton 63700 Scranton 1,273 14 (36) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.91% 38°47′30″N 95°45′10″W / 38.79167°N 95.75278°W / 38.79167; -95.75278
Superior 69500 293 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°38′44″N 95°47′34″W / 38.64556°N 95.79278°W / 38.64556; -95.79278
Valley Brook 73200 Lyndon 1,524 15 (38) 104 (40) 0 (0) 0.46% 38°36′44″N 95°40′35″W / 38.61222°N 95.67639°W / 38.61222; -95.67639
Sources: “Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files”. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b “State & County QuickFacts”. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  2. ^ “Find a County”. National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
  4. ^ “US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990”. United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ “Population and Housing Unit Estimates”. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ “U.S. Decennial Census”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  7. ^ “Historical Census Browser”. University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  8. ^ “Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  9. ^ “Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000” (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  10. ^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ “Map of Wet and Dry Counties”. Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
Notes
  1. ^ This includes 2,532 votes (34.1%) for independent Ross Perot and 31 total votes (0.4%) for either Libertarian Andre Marrou or various write-in candidates
  2. ^ This total comprises 1,588 votes (32.9%) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt and 417 votes (8.6%) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

Further reading

External links

County
Other
Maps

Coordinates: 38°39′N 95°44′W / 38.650°N 95.733°W / 38.650; -95.733