The regiment was attached to Lane's Kansas Brigade.
The 5th Kansas Infantry ceased to exist due to a lack of recruits. Members of the two companies were consolidated with recruits from the 3rd Kansas Infantry and 4th Kansas Infantry (both of which failed to complete organization) to form the 10th Kansas Infantry.
Operations about Fort Scott September and October 1861. Action at Morristown September 17. Osceola September 21–22.
- Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
- This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.