Battle of Old Fort Wayne

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Confederate Units of Indian Territory consisted of Native Americans from the Five Civilized Tribes — the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole nations.[1] The 1st Cherokee Mounted Rifles were commanded by the highest ranking Native American of the war: Brig. Gen. Stand Watie, who also became the last Confederate General to surrender on June 23, 1865.[2] There was also a series of Union units of Indian Territory.

Cherokee Nation

  • 1st Cherokee Mounted Rifles
  • 1st Regiment of Cherokee Mounted Volunteers
  • 2nd Regiment of Cherokee Mounted Volunteers
  • 3rd Cherokee Regiment of Volunteer Cavalry
  • Cherokee Regiment (Special Services), CSA
  • 1st Cherokee Battalion of Partisan Rangers
  • 2nd Cherokee Artillery
  • Cherokee Special Services Battalion
  • Scales' Battalion of Cherokee Cavalry
  • Meyer's Battalion of Cherokee Cavalry
  • Cherokee Battalion of Infantry
  • 1st Squadron of Cherokee Mounted Volunteers

Creek Nation

  • 1st Regiment Creek Mounted Volunteers
  • 2nd Regiment Creek Mounted Volunteers
  • 1st Battalion Creek Confederate Cavalry

Seminole Nation

  • 1st Regiment Seminole Mounted Volunteers
  • 1st Battalion Seminole Mounted Volunteers

Chickasaw Nation

  • 1st Regiment of Chickasaw Infantry
  • 1st Regiment of Chickasaw Cavalry
  • 1st Battalion of Chickasaw Cavalry
  • Shecoe's Chickasaw Battalion of Mounted Volunteers

Choctaw Nation

  • 1st Choctaw & Chickasaw Mounted Rifles
  • 1st Regiment of Choctaw Mounted Rifles
  • 2nd Regiment of Choctaw Cavalry
  • 3rd Regiment of Choctaw Cavalry
  • Deneale's Regiment of Choctaw Warriors
  • Folsom's Battalion of Choctaw Mounted Rifles
  • Capt. John Wilkin's Company of Choctaw Infantry

Northwest Frontier Command of Indian Territory

(Col. Roswell W. Lee, Commanding)

  • 1st Osage Battalion
  • Major George Washington's Frontier Battalion
  • Major James W. Cooper's Battalion[3]


  1. ^ Confer, Clarissa. The Cherokee Nation in the Civil War (University of Oklahoma Press, 2007) pg.4
  2. ^ Cunningham, Frank. (1998) General Stand Watie's Confederate Indians; foreword by Brad Agnew. University of Oklahoma Press. Norman, Oklahoma. (P. 198)
  3. ^ Indian Territory Confederate Uni Archived 2008-02-03 at the Wayback Machine

See also