Anderson County, Kansas

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Anderson County (county code AN) is a county located in East Central Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 8,102.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Garnett.[2]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Anderson County was established, named for territorial legislator Joseph C. Anderson.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 584 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 580 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas,[4] U.S. Census Bureau[5]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,400
1870 5,220 117.5%
1880 9,057 73.5%
1890 14,203 56.8%
1900 13,938 −1.9%
1910 13,829 −0.8%
1920 12,986 −6.1%
1930 13,355 2.8%
1940 11,658 −12.7%
1950 10,267 −11.9%
1960 9,035 −12.0%
1970 8,501 −5.9%
1980 8,749 2.9%
1990 7,803 −10.8%
2000 8,110 3.9%
2010 8,102 −0.1%
Est. 2016 7,827 [6] −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 8,110 people, 3,221 households, and 2,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,596 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.41% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population. 35.0% were of German, 20.4% American, 10.4% English and 9.9% Irish ancestry.

There were 3,221 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 20.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,244, and the median income for a family was $39,101. Males had a median income of $30,102 versus $20,705 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,458. About 10.60% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 72.7% 2,435 20.1% 672 7.3% 243
2012 68.7% 2,276 28.5% 944 2.9% 95
2008 65.1% 2,362 32.4% 1,175 2.5% 89
2004 64.7% 2,500 33.5% 1,295 1.8% 68
2000 57.0% 1,984 38.2% 1,327 4.8% 167
1996 46.7% 1,636 39.0% 1,367 14.4% 503
1992 33.0% 1,218 32.0% 1,178 35.0% 1,291
1988 54.3% 1,781 44.7% 1,466 1.1% 36
1984 67.1% 2,462 31.5% 1,155 1.4% 50
1980 62.6% 2,363 31.0% 1,170 6.4% 240
1976 48.7% 1,872 49.1% 1,886 2.2% 86
1972 70.9% 2,718 27.0% 1,035 2.2% 83
1968 56.8% 2,168 32.6% 1,242 10.6% 404
1964 44.8% 1,692 54.4% 2,058 0.8% 30
1960 62.4% 2,665 37.2% 1,589 0.5% 20
1956 69.0% 3,080 30.7% 1,369 0.3% 14
1952 73.2% 3,672 26.6% 1,333 0.3% 13
1948 56.9% 2,787 42.3% 2,071 0.9% 44
1944 64.9% 3,060 35.0% 1,649 0.2% 7
1940 64.4% 3,886 35.0% 2,114 0.6% 33
1936 54.6% 3,452 43.8% 2,767 1.6% 99
1932 39.6% 2,408 58.9% 3,580 1.5% 88
1928 64.9% 3,562 34.2% 1,874 0.9% 49
1924 61.0% 3,101 27.9% 1,421 11.1% 563
1920 62.8% 3,068 35.0% 1,708 2.2% 108
1916 44.0% 2,386 50.5% 2,739 5.6% 304
1912 19.9% 618 43.9% 1,365 36.2% 1,125
1908 51.3% 1,722 45.0% 1,512 3.8% 126
1904 58.3% 1,891 32.1% 1,043 9.6% 312
1900 50.4% 1,846 48.0% 1,757 1.6% 60
1896 47.6% 1,780 50.5% 1,890 1.9% 72
1892 51.1% 1,638 48.9% 1,570
1888 55.1% 1,843 28.7% 960 16.2% 540

Laws

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or “dry”, county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[13]

Education

Unified school districts

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Anderson County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Anderson County is divided into fourteen townships. The city of Garnett is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township’s population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Indian Creek 34050 132 1 (3) 125 (48) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°5′21″N 95°27′33″W / 38.08917°N 95.45917°W / 38.08917; -95.45917
Jackson 34725 453 5 (13) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°17′44″N 95°17′48″W / 38.29556°N 95.29667°W / 38.29556; -95.29667
Lincoln 40475 208 2 (4) 128 (49) 0 (0) 0.22% 38°12′42″N 95°8′42″W / 38.21167°N 95.14500°W / 38.21167; -95.14500
Lone Elm 42450 239 2 (5) 120 (46) 0 (0) 0.21% 38°4′56″N 95°14′30″W / 38.08222°N 95.24167°W / 38.08222; -95.24167
Monroe 47725 349 5 (12) 74 (29) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°17′44″N 95°12′54″W / 38.29556°N 95.21500°W / 38.29556; -95.21500
North Rich 51325 112 2 (5) 62 (24) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°8′10″N 95°7′24″W / 38.13611°N 95.12333°W / 38.13611; -95.12333
Ozark 53900 Colony 565 6 (16) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°4′24″N 95°21′37″W / 38.07333°N 95.36028°W / 38.07333; -95.36028
Putnam 58000 284 3 (8) 87 (34) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°21′41″N 95°16′4″W / 38.36139°N 95.26778°W / 38.36139; -95.26778
Reeder 58825 427 2 (6) 187 (72) 1 (0) 0.44% 38°19′14″N 95°26′6″W / 38.32056°N 95.43500°W / 38.32056; -95.43500
Rich 59175 Kincaid 346 4 (11) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.21% 38°4′48″N 95°8′58″W / 38.08000°N 95.14944°W / 38.08000; -95.14944
Walker 74650 Greeley 668 6 (15) 117 (45) 0 (0) 0.38% 38°21′4″N 95°6′47″W / 38.35111°N 95.11306°W / 38.35111; -95.11306
Washington 75500 268 3 (7) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.19% 38°13′47″N 95°17′5″W / 38.22972°N 95.28472°W / 38.22972; -95.28472
Welda 76450 301 3 (7) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.22% 38°9′44″N 95°19′17″W / 38.16222°N 95.32139°W / 38.16222; -95.32139
Westphalia 77275 Westphalia 390 3 (8) 134 (52) 1 (0) 0.38% 38°11′56″N 95°27′46″W / 38.19889°N 95.46278°W / 38.19889; -95.46278
Sources: “Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files”. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02.

See also

St. Boniface Catholic Church in Scipio.

References

  1. ^ a b “State & County QuickFacts”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  2. ^ “Find a County”. National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ “US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990”. United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ National Atlas Archived December 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  6. ^ “Population and Housing Unit Estimates”. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ “U.S. Decennial Census”. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  8. ^ “Historical Census Browser”. University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  9. ^ “Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  10. ^ “Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000” (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  11. ^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ “Map of Wet and Dry Counties”. Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-01-21.

Further reading

External links

County
Historical
Maps