Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Sprague attended the public schools and was graduated from Harvard University in 1879. He studied law at the Harvard Law School and the Boston University and was admitted to the bar in Boston. He served as member of the Boston Common Council in 1889 and 1890. He served as member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1891 and 1892. He served as chairman of the board of park commissioners of the city of Boston in 1893 and 1894. Sprague served in the State senate in 1895 and 1896.
Sprague was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fifth and Fifty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1901). He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1900 to the Fifty-seventh Congress. He died in the Butler Sanitarium in Providence, Rhode Island, on January 30, 1902. He was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, Massachusetts.
- The New York Times (January 31, 1902), CHARLES F. SPRAGUE DEAD.; Massachusetts ex-Congressman Was Richest Man in House of Representatives and Prominent in Boston Society., New York, N.Y.: The New York Times Company, p. 9.
- Bridgman, A. M. (1896), A Souvenir of Massachusetts Legislators Volume V, Stoughton, MA: A. M. Bridgeman, p. 133.
- Bridgman, A. M. (1894), A Souvenir of Massachusetts legislators Volume III, Stoughton, MA: A. M. Bridgeman, p. 124.
- Bridgman, A. M. (1897), A Souvenir of Massachusetts legislators Volume VI, Stoughton, MA: A. M. Bridgeman, p. 120.
- Benton, Nicholas (2004), The Seven Weld Brothers, 1800 to 2000: A Contemporary Genealogy, New York, NY: iUniverse, Inc, p. 2.
- Charles F. Sprague at Find a Grave
- United States Congress. "Charles F. Sprague (id: S000742)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- CHARLES F. SPRAGUE DEAD.; Massachusetts ex-Congressman Was Richest Man in House of Representatives and Prominent in Boston Society. New York Times Obituary
|U.S. House of Representatives|
William F. Draper
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 11th congressional district
March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1901
Samuel L. Powers
Francis William Kittredge
| Member of the
Massachusetts State Senate
Ninth Suffolk District
January, 1895–January 1897
Joshua Bennett Holden
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.